Northern Nigerian Quranic School also known as Tsangaya Education or Almajiri School is a concern that has received great attention over the last 20 years in educational policy statement/decision, academic discourses, seminars, conferences and political campaigns. Despite making the Almajiri predicament a topic of national discourse, there are still several challenges associated with improving the system and a seemingly weak political will to implement decision taking. The current pattern of running the school system doesn’t provide these children possibility of a bright and successful future. Hence, the Almajiri child is at high risk of falling victim to radicalization and negative influences.
Almajiri derives from the Arabic word Al-Mahaajirun, which means a learned scholar who propagates the peaceful message of Islam. In northern Nigeria and parts of West Africa, Almajiri refers to young children (primarily boys) between 4 and 18 that are sent to Islamic boarding schools, often study only the Koran, often have to beg in the streets to subsidize the cost of their education, spend years without seeing their families, and have been the target of recruitment by violent extremist groups and gangs.